YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community


Welcome to the YorkieTalk.com Forums Community - the community for Yorkshire Terriers.

You are currently viewing our boards as a guest which gives you limited access to view most discussions and access our other features. By joining our free community you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other members (PM), respond to polls, upload content and access many other special features. You will be able to chat with over 35,000 YorkieTalk members, read over 2,000,000 posted discussions, and view more than 15,000 Yorkie photos in the YorkieTalk Photo Gallery after you register. We would love to have you as a member!

Registration is fast, simple and absolutely free so please, join our community today!

If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please click here to contact us.

Go Back   YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community > Breeding / Showing / Traveling > Yorkie Grooming Talk
Register Blogs FAQ Calendar JavaChat Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
Old 05-06-2014, 08:01 AM   #1
Don't Litter Spay&Neuter
Donating Member
 
mimimomo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: So Cal
Posts: 9,853
Animal Smiley 019 A groomer's POV of why your dog needs to be shaved...

Matted Pets | FunkyPuppy

This entry will likely be posted as a permanent article at the top of the site. I will cover common questions and misconceptions about matting, as well as correct popular home-grooming techniques that do more harm than good.
Here’s the scene. You walk into a grooming salon for the first time with your small-breed dog in tow, both of you uncertain of how this process goes. You knew, vaguely, that some people had their dogs groomed professionally, but up until now, you’ve never been one of their number. You may bathe your pet occasionally, or maybe even religiously, and last night you grabbed the scissors and attempted to clean up the face a bit so the groomer wouldn’t think you were a bad mommy. For some reason, despite your determined chopping, your dog’s eyes didn’t become any more visible (but the top of the head was suddenly choppy and uneven, and you aren’t sure why you trimmed his chin, but too late now).


The groomer steps up, introduces herself with a smile on her face, but her calculating gaze never leaves your dog, who walks face-first into the counter, turns around, and does the same thing with the wall.
With a kind but practiced smile on her face, the groomer says, “You’re aware we will be shaving him, right?”. You blink several times, stunned, and stammer, “well, no, I just wanted a trim! Because he can’t see. I dont want him shaved!”
After much discussion, signing of paperwork (an actual document called a matted pet release!) You leave, unhappy and less than certain of what just happened.


When you return, nothing can prepare you for the sad, skinny hairless thing that is handed over to you. Gentle advice about brushing at home and regular grooming go over your head, and as you stare at your dog you wonder just why it came to this. You pay a much higher bill than you expected, and go home wondering what the point of grooming is if your pet comes home like THIS.


Continue reading by clicking on the link above.
__________________
Jenny Mimi Momo Princess Turbo
Madan Pin Brush: www.toplinepet.com
mimimomo is offline   Reply With Quote
Welcome Guest!
Not Registered?

Join today and remove this ad!

Old 05-07-2014, 04:38 PM   #2
Donating YT 500 Club Member
 
Namor's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2009
Location: Northern Virginia
Posts: 1,393
Default

Oh so true. Grooming should be a consideration before you get a dog. So many people say to me "Oh what a beautiful little dog you have." My usual response is "It takes alot of work." Yorkie, Shih-tzu or any dog that requires cutting the coat (aka hypo-allergenic) requires attention. Just letting them mat is horrible. If a person says their dog will not let them brush means they do not brush often. Just imagine having mats in your hair down to your skin. OWWWWW!!!!!!!!

I got my little man because I wanted the best friend ever. I knew my new hobby would be to groom him. I never imagined we would love it so much. Maybe I'm just weird.
__________________
Mary & Deuce
Namor is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-07-2014, 06:38 PM   #3
Donating YT 500 Club Member
 
Lilah Charm's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2013
Location: Oregon
Posts: 2,721
Default

Oh that poor sweet little boy in that article!!! Heartbreaking I seriously just happened to have given Lilah a bath right before I read this. What an important article to share- hee hee, looking forward to the package jenny!
__________________
Alyssa and Lilah
Lilah Charm is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-07-2014, 06:52 PM   #4
♥ Maximo and Teddy
Donating Member
 
Maximo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Northern Virginia
Posts: 24,980
Default

The poor shih tzu in the article! It's hard to believe that anyone would allow that to happen to their pet.

I've read similar blogs by groomers about people who bring their Yorkies and other long hair breeds to be groomed weekly, but that is still not enough. My boys would be a disaster if I neglected them for a week. Grooming is part of their daily care.
__________________
W. Field's Dog Boutique Buddy Belts
Kristin, Max and Teddy
Save
Maximo is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-07-2014, 06:55 PM   #5
Donating YT 10K Club Member
 
megansmomma's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: S. W. Suburbs of Chicago, IL
Posts: 12,235
Default

Why isn't the link working for me????
__________________
“Never argue with a fool, onlookers may not be able to tell the difference.” Mark Twain
megansmomma is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 10:14 AM   #6
Action Jackson ♥
Donating Member
 
Britster's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2008
Location: Maryland
Posts: 17,409
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Maximo View Post

I've read similar blogs by groomers about people who bring their Yorkies and other long hair breeds to be groomed weekly, but that is still not enough. My boys would be a disaster if I neglected them for a week. Grooming is part of their daily care.
Lol, this is why I keep Jackson so short. Honestly, he's sooo low maintenance. I only brush him once a week, if that.. and all I have to brush is his face and his tail when I do brush him, haha. Now in the summer I do bathe him more since he's swimming and getting dirty, so once every 7 days is the norm. But in the winter, I've been known to not bathe or brush him for 2-3 weeks Oh and I do try to brush his teeth every night so that's part of 'grooming'.

But yeah any one who wants to get a pet dog and does not care about keeping their hair long ought to just keep them shaved/short, it's more comfortable for the dog if you're not going to maintain the hair. Poor pups.
__________________
~ Brit & Jackson ~


Britster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 10:20 AM   #7
Action Jackson ♥
Donating Member
 
Britster's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2008
Location: Maryland
Posts: 17,409
Default

Oh I should add he gets professionally groomed every 6-10 weeks depending. I can't imagine once a year!!
__________________
~ Brit & Jackson ~


Britster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 10:33 AM   #8
Donating YT 3000 Club Member
 
Verbena's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: with my flying monkeys
Posts: 15,617
Blog Entries: 7
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Namor View Post
Oh so true. Grooming should be a consideration before you get a dog. So many people say to me "Oh what a beautiful little dog you have." My usual response is "It takes alot of work." Yorkie, Shih-tzu or any dog that requires cutting the coat (aka hypo-allergenic) requires attention. Just letting them mat is horrible. If a person says their dog will not let them brush means they do not brush often. Just imagine having mats in your hair down to your skin. OWWWWW!!!!!!!!

I got my little man because I wanted the best friend ever. I knew my new hobby would be to groom him. I never imagined we would love it so much. Maybe I'm just weird.
Oh you made me laugh ! Yes I did not think of it that way. . . I am going to steal it . . My new hobby is grooming Galen !

I am not a high maintenance girl but I have a high maintenance dog. I takes at least an hour to bath and dry him. And this gets done about once a week. Not including once to twice a day brushing
__________________
Teri . . .
Galen Jameson Frazier Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Pandora MorganaLe Fae Saber Tooth Tiger and Pussy Willow

Last edited by Verbena; 05-08-2014 at 10:36 AM.
Verbena is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 10:37 AM   #9
Donating YT 3000 Club Member
 
Verbena's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: with my flying monkeys
Posts: 15,617
Blog Entries: 7
Default

Wow I feel bad for that dog. . . I know how it is. . . I was brushing and his coat was growing. . He looked like this
Attached Images
File Type: jpg image.jpg (96.6 KB, 57 views)
__________________
Teri . . .
Galen Jameson Frazier Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Pandora MorganaLe Fae Saber Tooth Tiger and Pussy Willow
Verbena is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 10:39 AM   #10
Donating YT 3000 Club Member
 
Verbena's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: with my flying monkeys
Posts: 15,617
Blog Entries: 7
Default

Left him for only 5 days with a friend. I can not imagine once a year ! I ended up with . . . Mats are a killer !
Attached Images
File Type: jpg image.jpg (153.9 KB, 55 views)
__________________
Teri . . .
Galen Jameson Frazier Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Pandora MorganaLe Fae Saber Tooth Tiger and Pussy Willow
Verbena is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-08-2014, 11:57 AM   #11
♥ Maximo and Teddy
Donating Member
 
Maximo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Northern Virginia
Posts: 24,980
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Britster View Post
Lol, this is why I keep Jackson so short. Honestly, he's sooo low maintenance. I only brush him once a week, if that.. and all I have to brush is his face and his tail when I do brush him, haha. Now in the summer I do bathe him more since he's swimming and getting dirty, so once every 7 days is the norm. But in the winter, I've been known to not bathe or brush him for 2-3 weeks Oh and I do try to brush his teeth every night so that's part of 'grooming'.

But yeah any one who wants to get a pet dog and does not care about keeping their hair long ought to just keep them shaved/short, it's more comfortable for the dog if you're not going to maintain the hair. Poor pups.
And this is one of the reasons YOU have gorgeous hair and I don't, LOL. I spend too much time on the dogs and not enough on myself.
__________________
W. Field's Dog Boutique Buddy Belts
Kristin, Max and Teddy
Save
Maximo is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-09-2014, 12:31 PM   #12
Don't Litter Spay&Neuter
Donating Member
 
mimimomo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: So Cal
Posts: 9,853
Default

When I was working as a mobile groomer, I had a kitty cat client who had a turtle back! He was so matted, his hair on his back was a solid mass!

Quote:
Originally Posted by megansmomma View Post
Why isn't the link working for me????
IDK, I'll copy & paste the rest of the article in the next post.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Verbena View Post
Left him for only 5 days with a friend. I can not imagine once a year ! I ended up with . . . Mats are a killer !
Heeheehee! This hair cut is just like Momo's...he looks all chubby w/poofy hair in the winter & then I shear his hair off like a sheep & he ends up looking just like cutie patootie Galen, all tiny & skinny haha!
__________________
Jenny Mimi Momo Princess Turbo
Madan Pin Brush: www.toplinepet.com

Last edited by mimimomo; 05-09-2014 at 12:32 PM.
mimimomo is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-09-2014, 12:37 PM   #13
Don't Litter Spay&Neuter
Donating Member
 
mimimomo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: So Cal
Posts: 9,853
Default

con't from 1st post:

matted01.jpgmattedpartial.jpgfinal03.jpg

What IS a Mat?
A mat is a tangle gone wrong, a single upstart of a hair that wrapped itself around a neighbor, who in turn grabbed another and another. For curly and drop-coated breeds (bichons, malteses, poodles, shin tzus, lhasas, cockers), shedding hairs die and instead of falling onto your favorite sweater, they are caught by neighboring hairs. These hairs will rarely dislodge themselves, and require the assistance of a brush AND comb to remove them. If left to their own devices, mats will spread, forming a network, then a solid mass of dead hair that can eventually cover the entire body.
For double-coated breeds (pomeranians, chows, huskies, heavy shedders), the hair will die in patterns, forming oddly-colored tufts around the hind quarters, shoulders, belly, scruff, and chest. These tufts will turn to clumps. They tend to LOOK worse than the first type of dogs, but almost invariably, their coats will brush out easier and with less damage (or shaving) required (assuming they tolerate brushing).


What’s the Big Deal?
Matted fur is not just a cosmetic offense, but an uncomfortable, often painful sensation that makes simple tasks like walking or turning the head nearly impossible. A matted pet becomes susceptible to all sorts of unsavory infections and diseases. Like people, a dog’s skin needs air to survive and be healthy. Mats restrict air and sunlight from touching the skin, which in severe cases can cause the skin to mildew and decompose. If water is introduced to the mix, we’re talking damp skin inside of a solid fur sweater, with little opportunity to dry.
The blood’s circulation to the legs and ears can be cut off (imagine feeling like your foot is asleep every moment of the day!) And the skin can die because of it. Perhaps the grossest of all is the fact that where there are mats, there are unseen mysteries.

Festering wounds are common, along with armies of fleas and ticks. Even maggots have been found. In the pawpads, sharp thorns, rocks, and “foxtails” often get tangled in toe hair, which causes the hair to form hard mats, meaning every step is like having a hard, sharp rock in your shoe. Sadly, many dogs get used to the constant sharp pains and learn to “live with it”.


But I Bathe Him All the Time!
Ah, but do you use a good shampoo, conditioner, and dry him thoroughly, before brushing his entire body til it’s smooth? No? Do you usually just shampoo him haphazardly, rinse as well as you can, then wrestle with a towel before he escapes to roll around and around on the carpet til he’s dry?
Like your hair, fur that is not cleaned, conditioned, dried off at least some of the way, and brushed out will become tangled. And what is a mat? A tangle gone wrong. When water is introduced to tight mats, they soak it up like a sponge, and dry tighter than ever.


Okay, Okay, You’ve Scared Me. WHY Must You Shave Him? Can’t You Just Take Half Off?
When a pet’s coat has formed a solid mass, shaving is the only humane option. A blade must be safely wedged UNDER the matting, against the skin, and when the coat is solid, there is no way to save some of it. Even when the pet is not yet solid all over but has many solid areas (chest, collar area, belly, hips, legs, tail, ears), for the sake of an even coat, it is best to just start over and let it all grow back the same length.


Sometimes a coat is in bad shape, but could still feasibly be brushed out without causing pain to the pet. Some experienced groomers will attempt this, however be prepared to be charged FAR more than you would for a shave down, understand you may need to spread the dematting over several days, and be aware that if you yourself have never (or rarely) brushed out your pet THOROUGHLY, chances are his tolerance level for brushing will be non-existent. In my opinion, no good groomer will risk stressing the dog, injuring it, or being bitten herself to save a coat that you yourself have not made the effort to maintain. Forcing an inexperienced pet to sit through even the most gentle, careful dematting is risking your pet being conditioned to believe that the groomer’s is a noisy, stressful place where his hair is pulled for hours on end, his legs, feet, face, and tail are handled in ways he’s not used to, and for all he knows, there’s no guarantee he’ll ever see his owner again. This pet will likely never trust a groomer or a brush again.


Fine. Shave Him. How Can I Avoid This in the Future?
By purchasing a brush and comb recommended by your groomer. Maybe not that day, as he won’t need it, but in a few weeks as he starts to look plush again. If the groomer’s recommendations are too pricey, write down the type of tools (slicker brush, metal greyhound comb) and look on amazon.com… they are ridiculously well-priced.
When you brush, dont just brush his back. Starting at the back leg (either one, i prefer the right) and brush the foot, the ankle, the leg, then the hip, with the grain of the hair. Then the back, side, belly, shoulder. Now, front foot, leg, and all around, keeping a firm grip. Then the chest, under belly (watch out for genitals, and have the groomer shave.Between the rear legs and lower tummy). Now do the other front leg, and follow the same process back down to the opposite rear leg you started with. now run the comb over every inch and if you can comb all the way to the skin with no catch, you can move on to the tail and ears and face.
On the face, you can hook your fingers trough your pet’s collar from underneath (under his chin) or you can gently but firmly grasp his chin hair while you brush around the top of his head and his cheeks. You hold him this way to keep him facing you and to keep him still, which protects his eyes from those bristles. Many puppies and i.experienced dogs dislike being held this way, but it is the safest way and the most effective. Your groomer will thank you, because this is how we hold them while we use sharp scissors and close-cutting clipped blades around their eyes and face. Lots of gentle soothing and NOT GIVING IN will eventually make your dog submit… but this may take weeks of daily practice. Stick with it!


He Wont Let Me Brush Him/He Cries Like It Hurts/He BITES Me!
Practice and take it slow. Dont brush his entire body out, do a foot before breakfast and give a special treat he never gets any other time. Do the leg half an hour later, more treats and praise. Spread it out over a day. Be patient! Consistency is key! My Silky was a holy terror for brushing when i got him at 6 months, and while he’s still not perfect, he is safe to groom!


I Dont Have Time For All That/He’s an Outside Dog Anyway/He STILL Wont Let Me Brush Him!
Opt for a shorter, manageable length every 4 months and keep your appointments. If you want him to be long, about 1.5 inches and up, be prepared to pay someone else to brush and maintain that length once a week-once a month, and LISTEN to your groomer’s recommendations regarding appointment frequency.if she says every two weeks, dont wait 6 weeks and cry when he’s shaved down again. This is YOUR DOG, your responsibility, and if you must have him in a certain style, you must be prepared to do the work and keep appointments. We’re groomers… not miracle workers, and your pet is not the only one we must complete in a timely manner.


ONE MORE THING!
If your pet has EVER bit, injured, or attacked YOU or ANYONE ELSE (including other dogs!) it is YOUR OBLIGATION to let the groomer know. If he is known to be sensitive for his feet, nails, face, tail, TELL US. Though reporting dog bites/attacks is uncommon in grooming salons, a bad bite on a nerve could mean the end of a groomer’s career, and a bite to the face could change her appearance forever, not to mention require multiple surgeries. Though rare, owners can and do get reported and even sued when an uninformed groomer sustains a life-changing injury that could have been prevented. We wont turn your dog away, we’ll just use caution.


(note: Shih Tzu portrayed is a once-a-year client. After peeling his coat off, freeing his cheeks from the mats that kept his face from turning side to side, and having a bather assist in holding him while I clipped nails and handled very sore feet, I was less than pleased. It’s one thing if the dog is bad for grooming, it’s another if the only thing he fights for are the painful areas. I informed the owner of the severity of his condition, the discomfort and daily pain he lived with, and advised that she have him groomed AT LEAST twice a year. She nodded, laughed it off, and will probably not be seen for another year.)


(Pricing Note: example price of $35 has been given because every city has high-volume grooming shops that advertise bargain-rate prices. They often specialize in shave-downs ONLY and use lower-end products, which keeps the price per pet to a minimum.


© Charity Rael 2011. This article may be posted on other grooming websites, printed for customers, and edited for language/pricing. All I ask is author recognition and a link to this blog: Charity Rael FunkyPuppy | FunkyPuppy 2.0: The Glamour and Gore of Professional Grooming
__________________
Jenny Mimi Momo Princess Turbo
Madan Pin Brush: www.toplinepet.com
mimimomo is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-09-2014, 12:38 PM   #14
Yorkie Yakker
 
Pudelbits's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2013
Location: Abbotsford, BC Canada
Posts: 65
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Namor View Post
Oh so true. Grooming should be a consideration before you get a dog. So many people say to me "Oh what a beautiful little dog you have." My usual response is "It takes alot of work." Yorkie, Shih-tzu or any dog that requires cutting the coat (aka hypo-allergenic) requires attention. Just letting them mat is horrible. If a person says their dog will not let them brush means they do not brush often. Just imagine having mats in your hair down to your skin. OWWWWW!!!!!!!!

I got my little man because I wanted the best friend ever. I knew my new hobby would be to groom him. I never imagined we would love it so much. Maybe I'm just weird.
Yup!! I have a 3 year old Standard Poodle, needs feet, face & Sanitary shave at least every 2 weeks, not to mention the brushing every 3 or 4 days (If there are no burrs), then I get a 4 lb Yorkshire Terrier that thinks he's a 125 lb hunting dog. I guess you can say my hobby is grooming as well
__________________
Keep calm and Kiss your Yorkie!
Pudelbits is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 05-09-2014, 12:39 PM   #15
♥ Piccolo & Vivi ♥
Donating Member
 
Lisa and Pic's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2008
Location: Kentucky
Posts: 13,233
Default

Great article and thanks for sharing.

Learned a bunch of new things too. It also explained why my new little foster lost so much hair when I gave her a bath. She had many mats that needed to come off and guess there was dead hair stuck to the mats, poor thing.

Anyway, I believe I will be sharing this article with a few of my dog friends.
Lisa and Pic is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks



Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are Off




Google
 

SHOP NOW: Amazon :: eBay :: Buy.com :: Newegg :: PetStore :: Petco :: PetSmart


All times are GMT -8. The time now is 07:01 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.9
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Copyright ©2003 - 2018 YorkieTalk.com
Privacy Policy - Terms of Use

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158