YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community


Welcome to the YorkieTalk.com Forums Community - the community for Yorkshire Terriers.

You are currently viewing our boards as a guest which gives you limited access to view most discussions and access our other features. By joining our free community you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other members (PM), respond to polls, upload content and access many other special features. You will be able to chat with over 35,000 YorkieTalk members, read over 2,000,000 posted discussions, and view more than 15,000 Yorkie photos in the YorkieTalk Photo Gallery after you register. We would love to have you as a member!

Registration is fast, simple and absolutely free so please, join our community today!

If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please click here to contact us.

Go Back   YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community > YorkieTalk > Yorkie Health & Diet
Register Blogs FAQ Calendar JavaChat Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
Old 08-25-2010, 09:38 PM   #1
YT Addict
 
Hazelzmibaybee's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: South Jersey
Posts: 439
Blog Entries: 1
Default Which food is Better ?!?!?!

hi! i have a 10 week old! and i was DEAD SET on sticking to "Iams smart puppy small breed dog food" but i was just browsing the "new" items on petsmart.com and came across "purina pro plan puppy toy breed" i'm not sure which one i should be using now!


HELP PLEASE!
Hazelzmibaybee is offline   Reply With Quote
Welcome Guest!
Not Registered?

Join today and remove this ad!

Old 08-25-2010, 09:44 PM   #2
YT Addict
 
Hazelzmibaybee's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: South Jersey
Posts: 439
Blog Entries: 1
Default

hi! i have a 10 week old! and i was DEAD SET on sticking to "Iams smart puppy small breed dog food" and then graduating her up to the "iams small breed dog food" but i was just browsing the "new" items on petsmart.com and came across "purina pro plan puppy toy breed" and then graduating her to the adult... i'm not sure which one i should be using now! i've never had a dog before so i'm not exactly sure which brand is better. and if i'm going to switch her i know that i need to do it soon as i shouldn't really switch up brands on her anyway.


HELP PLEASE!
Hazelzmibaybee is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-25-2010, 10:01 PM   #3
Yorkie Yakker
 
Jessilee19's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Pensacola, Fl, U.S.
Posts: 36
Default

I can't really give any advice on the Iams food that you have her on but my little guy was on Eukanuba puppy and we decided to try Purina Pro Plan toy breed puppy and he is almost completely switched over to the Pro Plan now and he likes it. It hasn't been hard on his stomach and his poops(maybe TMI) are still firm and normal looking. He is a healthy active little pup! The food works for my puppy but i know that every dog is different and some people would oppose this food so i'd read what others have to say as well.
Good luck finding a food that works for you and your baby!
Jessilee19 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 02:52 AM   #4
Senior Yorkie Talker
 
sadies mom's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2008
Location: Pa
Posts: 178
Default

I don't use either brand your talking about, but you need to switch gradually.
__________________
SAM-N-SADIE
sadies mom is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 02:56 AM   #5
Senior Yorkie Talker
 
Thomas J's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2010
Location: Goldsboro, NC
Posts: 203
Default

call me horrible..mine has always eaten puppy chow!
__________________
Properly trained, a man can be dog's best friend.
Thomas J is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 03:22 AM   #6
Donating YT 1000 Club Member
 
BaxtersMommy's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Texas
Posts: 2,362
Blog Entries: 1
Default

I dont feed anything that has EVER been recalled. I also don't feed food with by products and loads of perservatives. I try to keep my dogs as healthy as possible. It also helps them have firm poo. I feed lifes abundance. It is shipped directly to your door. www.healthyhappypets.biz
BaxtersMommy is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 03:24 AM   #7
YT 1000 Club Member
 
deonk1's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Posts: 1,795
Default

Hi there,

Not a huge fan of either of those, but first if you switch I recommend you do it slowly.

Second, take a look at the ingredients (I don't want to brand bash, just want to provide some information). You want to assure there are absolutely NO bi-products. with bi-products it means anything can be in there. so for example chicken bi-product = bad, chicken meal or just straight up chicken is ok. The first 3 ingredients of your puppy's food make up the majority of it's ingredients (% wise). So your first three ingredients should have at least one main meat usually chicken. Corn or grains are fillers, some furbabies don't take well to corn and need a grain free diet (mine was one of them) If corn is in the first three ingredients then you will most likely have to feed a lot more kibble to get equal nutrients that you would if you were feeding a more high quality feed. I didn't realize it until I switched how much I saved $$ by switching. It would have taken Harley 1/2 a cup of his Royal Canin, to reach the nutrients of 1/4 cup of his Now! He can only eat 1/4 cup a day so he wasn't getting enough nutrients. By having to feed him less, it actually saved me money by switching to a high quality feed. Consider this information before choosing what you want to switch to.

And please fellow YTers if I made an error in the nutrition talk above, please correct me. it's been about 10 months since I picked my food out for Harley...

I'm not meaning to brand bash or anything, I'm just not a fan of those large companies who do not specialize in dog food or at least pet food. For example:
Mars Inc makes Royal Canin
Nestle makes Purina
Collgate makes Science Diet
Proctor & Gamble makes Iams
These are the top for global pet food providers, and not one of them "specializes" (source Agriculture & Agrifood Canada)

There is a great link that is "sicky" in the health and diet section listing healthy foods, that are made by companies who specialize in pet food.
__________________
Kendra
Harley, you were the light in my life, rest peacefully my love!
deonk1 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 03:30 AM   #8
Donating Senior Yorkie Talker
 
pawever Yorkie's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2009
Location: New York, NY USA
Posts: 429
Default

This is what I found online while I was searching for some ingridients that I didn't know what it's made of...

Hope this helps....
WORST DOG FOOD EXPLAINED – WHAT TO AVOID

EXAMPLES OF WHAT TO AVOID IN COMMERCIAL DOG FOOD
WHAT INGREDIENTS TO AVOID and WHY:
BEEF AND BONE MEAL (protein source):
A byproduct made from beef parts which are not suitable for human consumption.
It can incorporate the entire cow, including the bones, but the quality cuts of meat are always removed.
This is an inexpensive, low quality ingredient used to boost the protein percentage.
MEAT BY-PRODUCT (protein source):
Pet grade meat by-products consist of organs and parts either not desired, or condemned, for human consumption.
This can include bones, blood, intestines, lungs, ligaments, heads, feet, and feathers. – This can also include the dreaded 4 D’s – ( Dead, dying, diseased or dying prior to slaugther).
The animal parts used can be obtained from any source, so there is no control over quality or contamination.
Any kind of animal can be included: goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. roadkill, animals euthanized at shelters and so on. It can also include pus, cancerous tissue, and decomposed (spoiled) tissue.
MEAT AND BONE MEAL (protein source):
The animal parts used can be obtained from any source, so there is no control over quality or contamination. Any kind of animal can be included: “4-D animals” (dead, diseased, disabled, or dying prior to slaughter), goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. roadkill, animals euthanized at shelters and so on.
It can also include pus, cancerous tissue, and decomposed (spoiled) tissue.
BEEF TALLOW (fat source):
Used to make lower quality dog foods palatable, instead of using quality fat sources such as nutritionally rich chicken fat, or human grade vegetable oil.
ANIMAL FAT (fat source):
Animal fat is a “generic” fat source that is most often made up of rendered animal fat, restaurant grease, or other oils too rancid or deemed inedible for humans.
Look for a named fat source, such as poultry or chicken fat, that is naturally preserved.
CORN (filler/fibre source/vegetable):
*NOTE: no redeemable nutritious value in any dog food listing this as their first ingredient. It is a useless filler that is a known cause of allergies and is difficult for dogs to digest.
CORN OR WHEAT GLUTEN MEAL (Binder):
This is the remainder of the corn after the best parts of the corn have been removed.
It does absolutely nothing for the animal and actually is difficult to digest and is used as a cheap binder.
WHOLE WHEAT FLOUR (fibre source):
Wheat if the leading cause of dog allergies. Absolutely useless with no nutritional value whatsoever.
FOOD FRAGMENTS (filler/fibre source/carbohydrate source):
Low cost by-products and left overs from another food manufacturing process. Examples include WHEAT BRAN and BREWER’S RICE (a waste product of the alcohol industry).
Also look for and avoid fragments which are labelled POTATO PRODUCT, MIDDLINGS/MIDS or MILL RUN of any kind. Unspecified grain sources like CEREAL FOOD FINES, CORN BRAN, OAT HULLS, RICE HULLS, PEANUT HULLS, DISTILLERS GRAIN FERMENTATION SOLUBLES, and last but not least CELLULOSE (which is wood which is dried and ground up)
SOY FLOUR (filler/carbohydrate):
Another cheap allergy causing ingredient used as a filler. This is the leftover “dust” after the healthy cleaned and dehulled soybeans are processed. Sometimes sweepings from the factory floor.
BREWER’S RICE (carbohydrate source):
A cheap substitute for whole grain rice.
SUGAR (flavour soure) :
Also listed as Cane molasses , corn syrup in any form, sugar, sorbitol, sucrose, fructose, glucose, ammoniated glycyrrhizin, propylene glycol.) : Useless, uneccessary and adds empty calories. Bad ingredients used by companies to make food more palatable to the animals if the ingredients themselves aren’t enough to make the dog or cat actually want to eat it.
Used to cover up rotten and rancid foods, and is known to cause hypoglycemia, obesity, nervousness, cataracts, tooth decay, arthritis and allergies.
ANIMAL DIGEST(flavouring agent):
Unspecified parts of unspecified animals, cooked down into a goopy broth and used as a spray on or added directly to the food.
No quality control is used and this can include “4-D animals” (dead, diseased, disabled, or dying prior to slaughter), goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. roadkill, animals euthanized at shelters, restaurant and supermarket refuse and so on.
COLOURING (Blue 2, Red 40, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Titanium Dioxide):
Any colouring is completely unnecessary and should be avoided. Your dog doesn’t care about the pretty coloured shapes, and artifical dyes and colouring agents are known cancer causing agent, and also causes allergies.
Used in “junk dog food”.
PROPYLENE GLYCOL (additive):
Used in antifreeze solutions, in hydraulic fluids, and as a solvent. May be toxic if consumed in large amounts, and should definitely not be an ingredient in a food an animal will eat daily for weeks, months or even years of its life. This is not allowed for use in Europe as the findings have shown it to be dangerous.
BHA (Butylated Hydroxysanisole), BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene), and ETHOXYQUIN (Preservatives): Banned from human use in many countries but still permitted in the US. Possible human carcinogen, apparently carcinogenic in animal experiments.
Ethoxyquin has also been used as a pesticide for fruit. It has never been proven to be safe for the lifespan of a companion animal.
It has been linked to thyroid, kidney, reproductive and immune related illnesses as well as cancer.

HYDROCHLORIC ACID:
Used in Kibbles n Bits – I really can’t find out why they use it but it is a caustic chemical agent used in the production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes. Hydrochloric acid can cause immediate pain and burns of the mouth, throat, esophagus and gastrointestinal tract. Simple common sense would indicate not to use this as a pet food ingredient!
*NOTE: MENADIONE SODIUM BISULFITE
This synthetic version of vitamin K has not been specifically approved for long term use, such as in pet food. It has been linked to many serious health issues. If you are not aware of this it sounds like one of the healthy vitamins, but beware.
The MSDS guide states -
“Potential Chronic Health Effects:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: 3 (Not classifiable for humans) by IARC.
MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells.
The substance is toxic to kidneys, lungs, liver, mucous membranes.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.”
SEE HERE!
__________________
"EVERYDAY'S A YORKIE DAY"
pawever Yorkie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 03:31 AM   #9
Donating Senior Yorkie Talker
 
pawever Yorkie's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2009
Location: New York, NY USA
Posts: 429
Default

WORST DOG FOODS: (in no special order, I would never recommend or use any of these foods) I am just using these foods as examples of what I consider unhealthy and dangerous. Any dog who is fed a consistent and regular diet of corn will be more prone to illnesses and a shorter life.
All these examples have corn as the main ingredient. Use these foods as a guide to see what you should not be feeding your dog.
BENEFUL BY PURINA
INGREDIENTS:
Ground yellow corn, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, whole wheat flour, animal fat preserved with mixed-tocopherols (form of Vitamin E), rice flour, beef, soy flour, sugar, propylene glycol, meat and bone meal, tricalcium phosphate, phosphoric acid, salt, water, animal digest, sorbic acid (a preservative), potassium chloride, dried carrots, dried peas, calcium propionate (a preservative), L-Lysine monohydrochloride, choline chloride, added color (Red 40, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Blue 2), DL-Methionine, Vitamin E supplement, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, niacin, Vitamin A supplement, calcium carbonate, copper sulfate, Vitamin B-12 supplement, calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin supplement, Vitamin D-3 supplement, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), calcium iodate, folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite.
ALPO BY PURINA:
INGREDIENTS:
Ground yellow corn, corn germ meal, meat and bone meal, soybean meal, beef tallow preserved with mixed tocopherols (form of vitamin E), animal digest (source of chicken flavor), salt, potassium chloride, beef & liver meal, dried cheese powder, dl-methionine, added color, choline chloride, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, vitamin E supplement, niacin, vitamin A supplement, calcium carbonate, copper sulfate, brewers dried yeast, calcium pantothenate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, vitamin B-12 supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin d-3 supplement, riboflavin supplement, calcium iodate, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin k activity), folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite.
OL ROY From WALMART:
INGREDIENTS:
Ground yellow corn, soybean meal, ground whole wheat, corn syrup, poultry fat, Meat and bone meal, Animal Fat Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid, Chicken by-product meal, Rice, Animal Digest, Salt, Calcium Carbonate, Potassium Chloride, Choline Chloride, Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Vitamin D and E Supplement, Niacin, Copper Sulafate, Manganous Oxide, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, *Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex Source of Vitamin K, Calcium Iodate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Cobalt Carbonate, Folic Acid, Sodium Selenite, Folic Acid
KIBBLES N BITS:
INGREDIENTS:
corn, soybean meal, beef and bone meal, ground wheat flour, animal fatbha used as preservative, corn syrup, wheat middlings, water sufficient for processing, animal digest (source of chicken flavor), propylene glycol, salt, hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride, caramel color, sorbic acid (used as a preservative), sodium carbonate, minerals (ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, manganous oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite), choline chloride, vitamins (vitamin E supplement, vitamin A supplement, niacin supplement, D-calcium pantothenate, riboflavin supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin D3 supplement, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12 supplement), calcium sulfate, titanium dioxide, yellow 5, yellow 6, red 40, BHA (used as a preservative), dl methionine
PURINA DOG CHOW:
INGREDIENTS :
Whole grain corn, poultry by-product meal, animal fat preserved with mixed-tocopherols (form of Vitamin E), corn gluten meal, meat and bone meal, brewers rice, soybean meal, barley, whole grain wheat, animal digest, calcium carbonate, salt, calcium phosphate, potassium chloride, L-Lysine monohydrochloride, choline chloride, zinc sulfate, Vitamin E supplement, zinc proteinate, ferrous sulfate, added color (Red 40, Yellow 5, Blue 2, Yellow 6) , DL-Methionine, manganese sulfate, manganese proteinate, niacin, Vitamin A supplement, copper sulfate, calcium pantothenate, copper proteinate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, Vitamin B-12 supplement, thiamine mononitrate, Vitamin D-3 supplement, riboflavin supplement, calcium iodate, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite.
PEDIGREE: (Puppy Food)
INGREDIENTS:
Ground Whole Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Rice, Corn Gluten Meal (Source of Lutein*), Animal Fat (preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, Source of Vitamin E), Natural Poultry Flavor, Wheat, Potassium Chloride, Wheat Flour, DiCalcium Phosphate, Salt, Brewers Dried Yeast, Carmel Color, Vegetable Oil (Source of Linoleic Acid), Calcium Carbonate, Taurine, Vitamins (dl-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate [Source of Vitamin E], Choline Chloride, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate [Source of Vitamin C*], Vitamin A Acetate, Thiamine Mononitrate [Vitamin B1], d-Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin Supplement [Vitamin B2], Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement), Marigold Meal, Minerals (Zinc Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Potassium Iodide), Added FD&C and Lake Colors (Yellow 6, Blue 2, Red 40, Yellow 5).

HILL’S SCIENCE DIET ORIGINAL
INGREDIENTS:
Ground Whole Grain Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Soybean Meal, Animal Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Soybean Oil, Chicken Liver Flavor, Flaxseed, Iodized Salt, vitamins (L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement), Dried Chicken Cartilage, Choline Chloride, Vitamin E Supplement, Taurine, Potassium Chloride, minerals (Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), L-Carnitine, preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Citric Acid, Beta-Carotene, Rosemary Extract.
BEST HOMEMADE DOG FOOD RECIPES – CLICK HERE NOW!http://recipes4gourmetdogs.com/wp-co...-cat-print.png
__________________
"EVERYDAY'S A YORKIE DAY"
pawever Yorkie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 03:56 AM   #10
YT 1000 Club Member
 
roxies_mom's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: central illinois
Posts: 1,396
Blog Entries: 1
Default

Does anyone use the Nutro foods? Thanks for all the helpful information here, very informative!
__________________
"My sunshine doesn't come from the skies, it comes from the love in my dogs eyes"
roxies_mom is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 04:09 AM   #11
Donating YT 500 Club Member
 
Roxiesmama's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Location: NY
Posts: 849
Default

I switched Roxie from Beneful (eep!) to Nutro Natural Choice Sensitive Stomachs when I got her. The pieces were pretty large and she had a hard time chewing it. She also threw up quite often after eating.

I then switched her to Innova EVO Small Bites and she is doing wonderfully. She doesn't throw up anymore, and her runny eyes have actually cleared up considerably.

There is so much wonderful info on this site about food...things I never could have imagined. Make sure you read the stickies about food!
__________________
Roxie
Roxiesmama is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 04:33 AM   #12
Donating YT 1000 Club Member
 
BonBon's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: With my yorkies
Posts: 10,350
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by roxies_mom View Post
Does anyone use the Nutro foods? Thanks for all the helpful information here, very informative!
Google Nutro Consumer Affairs and read about all the serious illnesses and even death this food has caused in dogs and cats. I would avoid Nutro completely!

To the OP, neither Iams or Purina are good quality foods. If I HAD to pick between the two though, I would pick Purina just because of Iams' long, well-documented history of animal testing, torture and cruelty. Google it, it's a heartbreaking read.
__________________
He is your friend, your partner, your defender, your dog. You are his life, his love, his leader. He will be yours, faithful and true, to the last beat of his heart. You owe it to him to be worthy of such devotion. -- Author Unknown
BonBon is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 04:37 AM   #13
Donating YT 500 Club Member
 
AllDogBoots's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2010
Location: Delray Beach, FL
Posts: 7,984
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by BaxtersMommy View Post
I dont feed anything that has EVER been recalled. I also don't feed food with by products and loads of perservatives. I try to keep my dogs as healthy as possible. It also helps them have firm poo. I feed lifes abundance. It is shipped directly to your door. www.healthyhappypets.biz
My puppy and adult dog are both very happy on Life's Abundance
__________________
I'm Karen - Devoted Mama to the Drama Boyz - Cooper & Max
www.alldogboots.com
AllDogBoots is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 05:41 AM   #14
Donating YT 1000 Club Member
 
kdhawks's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Charlotte, NC
Posts: 2,359
Default

I can't offer my experience - I've never fed Iams or Purina. I stay away from foods, treats, etc. made with by-products. But, as someone mentioned earlier, given only these two options, I would go with Purina because of Iams' history of animal testing and cruelty.

There are many quality kibbles out there that are readily available at big box pet stores. In the past, Levi has eaten Blue Buffalo, which you can purchase at Petsmart. No corn, no by-products, and he did very well on the Blue Buffalo. Some Petsmarts have begun to carry Wellness, another quality brand.

We are going the grain-free route now, and I've switched Levi to Orijen, which we are very pleased with.
__________________
katy&levi

kdhawks is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-26-2010, 06:37 AM   #15
Donating YT 500 Club Member
 
cally930's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Mt. Sinai, New York
Posts: 910
Default

Someone in another thread had sent me a list of the top rated dog foods. I haven't been able to find it going back - but I'll keep looking. As for me - I feed the Holistic Healthcare Extension. Its on the list and its made for both puppies and small adult breeds.
cally930 is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks



Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are Off




Google
 

SHOP NOW: Amazon :: eBay :: Buy.com :: Newegg :: PetStore :: Petco :: PetSmart


All times are GMT -8. The time now is 02:46 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.9
Copyright ©2000 - 2024, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Copyright ©2003 - 2018 YorkieTalk.com
Privacy Policy - Terms of Use

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167