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|05-09-2005, 01:25 PM||#1|
Yorkshire Terrier Yorkie Frequently Asked Questions [FAQ]
Frequently Asked Questions
Please note that any advice given are from Yorkie Talk member(s) who have had experience with their Yorkie(s) through trial and error and research. The following is only in hopes to give advice and insight. If you suspect that your Yorkie is gravely ill or in immediate danger, please notify your vet or local emergency hospital immediately!
1. Is there such a thing as a “teacup” Yorkie?
2. Why is my puppy not eating and sleeping all the time? He/she seems to not have any energy and is weak.
3. Are Greenies and other hard chewable treats ok for my Yorkie?
4. Are Yorkies hard to housebreak?
5. Where can I find a Yorkie puppy and find a good honest breeder?
6. My Yorkie puppy’s ears won’t stand up, what can I do?
7. How often can I bathe my Yorkie? What type of shampoos, conditioners, and or oils should I use?
8. What Immunizations are required for my Yorkie?
9. What is the best puppy food to give to my Yorkie? What foods should I AVOID giving my Yorkie?
10. How much will my Yorkie pup weigh as an adult?
11. Where can I find clothes for my Yorkie?
12. Why is my Yorkie’s coat not shiny and silky like seen in books?
13. I will be bringing my new Yorkie pup home soon, what do I need?
14. Choosing A Yorkie: Puppy or Full Grown?
15. Choosing A Yorkie: One or More?
16. How do I transport my Yorkie?
17. How do I start my training my Yorkie?
18. What about traveling with your Yorkie on an airline?
19. Why does my Yorkie continue to hump our other pets in our household even though she/he has been spayed/neutered?
20. What can I do in an emergency with my Yorkie (such as bump head real hard, limping because of wrong landing of a jump, bleeding or cuts, constantly vomiting and diarrhea) besides going to emergency vet. I mean if it's the middle of the night or just in the meantime BEFORE I can go to the vet?
21. What's the distinction between a Silkie and a Yorkie besides size (if any)?
22. What's a silky Yorkie coat and what's a cottony Yorkie coat?
23. What are the different types of colors of Yorkies, and how to define them (steel blue, etc).
24. How big will my Yorkie get? Is there a growth chart?
25. What should I expect when raising a puppy?
|05-09-2005, 02:51 PM||#2|
Is there such a thing as a “teacup” Yorkie?
* No. Many yorkie breeder’s claim to have “teacup” Yorkie’s and justify charging more for such claims on their puppies. The Yorkie standard gives no preference for smaller dogs within the 7 pound weight limit. Extra care should be given to the more tiny Yorkies as some are more susceptible to hypoglycemia, physical injuries due to falls, etc. The Yorkshire Terrier standard as defined by the American Kennel Club (AKC) is between 4 to 7 pounds.
* The desired size of the Yorkie is a personal choice. Families with small children might try to find a larger Yorkie, where as other’s might be in search for the so called “purse baby”. Smaller Yorkies may be more susceptible to disease and injuries due to their size. Also, many vets will charge more for working on smaller Yorkies because it is more difficult (and dangerous) because of the smaller size.
* There is no such breed! The Yorkshire Terrier breed standard classifies Yorkies as up to 7 pounds. They may weigh from 4 to 7 pounds. If a breeder or pet store is selling a "teacup" or "mini", run away! They may be shady and misrepresenting the Yorkie. The tiny ones may be sold too early, perhaps just so they can call them "teacups" or a "mini". If you are set on a smaller Yorkie, ask your breeder when their next litter will be. There will be some "smaller" Yorkies in the litter from which to choose from. Most consider a respected breeder to be one that is AKC registered. While that does not always determine that they are to be trusted 100%, there are standards and qualifications that AKC registered breeders must pass.
* There are small, full-grown Yorkies that may only weigh 2 pounds. But, it is very rare for Yorkies to be that small. If you have a Yorkie that is on the small side of the scale, you must be very careful with them, as they are definitely more "fragile" than standard sized ones and you must take extra precautions with them, such as making sure they don't fall from a high place or that they don't jump off of places.
|05-09-2005, 02:53 PM||#3|
Why is my puppy not eating and sleeping all the time? He/she seems to not have any energy and is weak.
* Hypoglycemia is a disorder of the central nervous system caused by low blood sugar. It can occur most often in small, young, stressed, or active Yorkies due to not being able to store enough glucose (sugar) within their system.
* Signs such as sleepiness, weakness, and loss of appetite and or coordination may appear suddenly. Left untreated, the condition can worsen until the dog has seizures, loses consciousness, and dies.
* Nutrical is a vitamin supplement provided by your vet should be administered immediately to your pup. If Nutrical is not readily available upon your pups symptoms offer sugar water or syrup or honey in very small amounts. Seek immediate veterinary care.
|05-09-2005, 02:55 PM||#4|
Are Greenies and other hard chewable treats ok for my Yorkie?
* Any food item or treat given to your Yorkie has the ability to not be properly digested or cause internal injury. There have been some concern with YorkieTalk members over concern and negative experiences upon giving “Greenies” to their Yorkies. Lodging, intestine disruption/blockage, and diarrhea have been symptoms some Yorkies have experienced. However, many other member’s Yorkies having the “Greenies” have not had any ill effects.
* With all food/treat items supervise your Yorkie closely. Monitor him/her to see if any treat given has caused any problems and make sure they are properly chewing the food, and not just “gulping” it down.
|05-09-2005, 02:56 PM||#5|
Are Yorkies hard to housebreak?
* Any breed of dog can be housebroken. Smaller breeds of dogs have been known to possibly take longer. It seems that some Yorkies take years to fully housebreak while others only take a couple weeks or months. Personal preference to use puppy pads for inside housebreaking or outside training will work with the proper training “techniques” which training manuals are highly recommended. What works for one Yorkie might not for another. Some Yorkie owners use the kennel method, other owners designate a small area of the house to contain the Yorkie in until the Yorkie is mature enough to have full rein of the house and is completely housebroken. Patience and dedication with positive reinforcement is the key to housebreaking your Yorkie.
|05-09-2005, 02:57 PM||#6|
Where can I find a Yorkie puppy and find a good honest breeder?
* Breeders fit into categories and like any business there are levels of desirability. There are the high profile professionals, those who exhibit and advertise regularly being dedicated fanciers, and then there are the “Mom and Pop” breeders who have litters just a few times also known as “back yard breeders (BYBs)”.
* Research on your part, trust in the breeder, and learning as much as you can about any breeder will help in the search for your Yorkie pup. Internet searches, local newspapers, and visiting dog shows can give you insight and breeder information. Time, patience, and trust is worth a million in your search for your Yorkie pup.
* Another method of finding a breeder is by a personal referral from someone you trust. If you know someone that has a Yorkie locally, ask where they got their Yorkie from and if they are happy with the breeder. Most will be happy to give you honest opinions about their breeder. Also, you can ask for recommendations from YorkieTalk members, ask in the YorkieTalk Regional Forums, or look in the Yorkies For Sale forum. It may be better to trust YorkieTalk members who have been around a while (members with a few hundred posts or more). There are also quite a few reputable breeders on YorkieTalk as well that people have gotten Yorkies from with satisfaction.
|05-09-2005, 02:57 PM||#7|
My Yorkie puppy’s ears won’t stand up, what can I do?
* Most Yorkie’s ears will stand up between 6-8 weeks of age, sometimes not for up to 4 months. In aid to help your Yorkie’s ears stand up taping or trimming the hair off the tips of the ears works well. Some Yorkies ears (after standing up) might flop down again for short periods due to vaccinations, stress, or illness. Some people do not believe in taping, as an alternative, you can trim the hairs off the tips and massage the ears daily for them to get them to stay up.
|05-09-2005, 02:58 PM||#8|
How often can I bathe my Yorkie? What type of shampoos, conditioners, and or oils should I use?
* Some Yorkies are bathed more often then others, it depends on your Yorkie’s coat and skin type. Some Yorkies experience dry skin and can not tolerate often bathings, others are bathed 2-3 times per week. Once a week is usually sufficient in keep your Yorkie clean with daily brushings. Many Yorkie owners find that a small wash cloth to wash up their Yorkie’s face daily works well in between bathings. Also, if your Yorkie has a lot of eye boogers near the eye area, you can use a flea comb to clean the eye boogers out. Most Yorkie owners brush their Yorkies daily, the length of time of brushing may depend on the length of your Yorkies coat, the longer the coat, the more you may need to brush it.
* Any pet shampoo/conditioner should work on your Yorkie. Most products are of personal preference. Many claim that using “human” products do not have the correct PH level and are not recommended to use on Yorkies. Again, most is of personal preference and what seems to work best for your Yorkie.
|05-09-2005, 03:03 PM||#9|
What Immunizations are required for my Yorkie?
* Vet’s recommend vaccinations at 6, 9, 12, and 16 weeks with no Lepto. The Rabies vaccine is given at 6 months of age with some vet’s not giving until later depending on the state which you live in. Communicate with your Yorkies vet to determine the best schedule of vaccinations. There have also been news reports that vaccinations can be more harmful than good for dogs.
|05-09-2005, 03:03 PM||#10|
What is the best puppy food to give to my Yorkie? What foods should I AVOID giving my Yorkie?
* A high quality puppy dry kibble should be adequate for your Yorkie. Most types of puppy food is of personal preference regarding food brands, wet or dry, homemade, holistic, etc.
* Some Yorkies have been known to be finicky eaters and refuse to eat. Offering plain rice, boiled chicken, cottage cheese, scrambled eggs, plain yogurt, chicken livers, baby meat sticks, etc are often given in helps to boost your Yorkie’s appetite. Healthy human snacks can consist of carrots and small pieces of fruit. With any sudden diet change your Yorkie might experience an upset tummy ending in diarrhea. Gradual change in any Yorkies diet is suggested.
* Foods to avoid giving your Yorkie are onions, dark chocolate, and hot spices. Some Yorkies have been given chocolate with no problems, but we would strongly suggest not giving them any if you can help it.
|05-09-2005, 03:04 PM||#11|
How much will my Yorkie pup weigh as an adult?
* You can get a rough idea of your puppy’s eventual adult height and weight by doubling the puppy’s height and weight at 13 weeks of age. Also knowing the weight of your puppy’s parents can give you an idea too. There normally are no guarantees on how much your puppy will weigh when he/she is an adult. Some breeder’s might put a guarantee for weight on their contract, but seldom do you find such a guarantee. Genetics is almost impossible to determine.
|05-09-2005, 03:05 PM||#12|
Where can I find clothes for my Yorkie?
* Thanks to the efforts of Yorkie Talk members, listed below are many Internet sites to browse for items to spoil your Yorkie. YorkieTalk also has a Yorkie Directory with which you can find other Yorkshire Terrier information resources, Yorkier personal sites, and shops.
|05-09-2005, 03:06 PM||#13|
Why is my Yorkie’s coat not shiny and silky like seen in books?
* Genetics plays a major factor in determining the coat your Yorkie will achieve. Some mature to have a silky shiny coat with no problems matting while others are wooly and wavy and seem to matt easily. It has been seen that no bathing products can change the type of coat your Yorkie is destined to have but find some grooming products make a coat more manageable and more desired.
|05-09-2005, 03:06 PM||#14|
I will be bringing my new Yorkie pup home soon, what do I need?
* A trusted qualified vet who specializes in smaller breeds
* Small kennel/crate
* Safe toys
* Grooming items, shampoo/conditioners, brush/comb
* Food (most often breeders recommend your Yorkie pup maintain the same diet that he/she is on when adopted. If you’d like to change your Yorkie’s diet change it gradually to decrease the chances of an upset tummy.
* Soft bed
* Food/water dishes. Plastic food and water dishes normally are not recommended as they can harbor harmful bacteria.
Harness type collar with leash*
Yorkshire Terrier handbooks for reference*
There will be some things that you will need to purchase and have ready after you get your Yorkie. He will need a bed, food, toys, hair brushes, food and water bowl, leash, and collar. If you plan on transporting your Yorkie much, you will also need to get a pet carrier.
Yorkie bed: Choose a bed with a good cushion with thick fabric. That will keep your Yorkie warm at night.
Food: Ask the breeder what food they have been feeding your Yorkie. They will have a good idea of what is good for Yorkies if they raise them. For "wet foods" I prefer Cesar, but other brands like Royal Canin will work as well. Get some dry kibble as well. I suggest small amounts of each in the beginning, as your Yorkie will show you what it likes and dislikes by it's eating of it.
Food and water dish: Get a dish with two sections, one for water, one for food. Steel dishes may be best for hygiene purposes but plastic dishes would work as well.
Toys: Get some soft plush toys for your Yorkie to play with. Any petstore should have plenty of soft toys to choose from. Be careful of toys that have materials that could fall off or splinter off, as it may injure your baby. You can also give them an old T-shirt of yours or an old tied up sock of yours. When you are gone, they like having your scent around.
Hair brushes: Get a brush or two so you can groom your Yorkie and take care of its coat. An air-cushioned wire brush and a natural bristle brush would be good choices.
Leash and collar: Get a leash and collar that fits your baby. A simple short leash shou
|05-09-2005, 03:07 PM||#15|
Choosing A Yorkie: Puppy or Full Grown?
When choosing a Yorkshire Terrier, you can get a baby or you can get a full-grown one. Getting a baby is a challenge. They will need your full attention, as they will need to be fed, constantly kept busy, as well as the need to be trained. For the first few months with your Yorkie, it's best to spend as much time as possible with your baby, as it will grow loyalty early. While Yorkies are very loyal dogs, the earlier they bond to you, the earlier they will be fully loyal. If you have the time and patience and are physically able to take care of a Yorkie puppy, it should be very satisfying to raise it and see it grow. Many Yorkie owners have great joy in knowing they helped raise their Yorkie from a small baby that fits in the palm of their hand, to a full healthy, able Yorkie adult.
Remember to take as many pictures as you can with a puppy, as you will definitely appreciate it later on. With the advent of digital cameras, picture taking is very affordable now. If you do go digital, remember to back up your pictures, as hard drives can often crash and you may lose your valuable pictures. Backing up to a CD-R or DVD-R or even another computer is an easy solution to potentially disasterous data loss.
If you choose to go full grown, do make sure it is healthy and try to get it checked out a vet. You can also rescue adult Yorkies at several Yorkie Rescue sites or the pound. They should be able to integrate into your family, but it will take a bit of time to form that bond and trust to its owner. If the Yorkie is already trained, it may still need some time to readjust to its surroundings and its new home. Do not expect it to be trained in your home immediately.