YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community


Welcome to the YorkieTalk.com Forums Community - the community for Yorkshire Terriers.

You are currently viewing our boards as a guest which gives you limited access to view most discussions and access our other features. By joining our free community you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other members (PM), respond to polls, upload content and access many other special features. You will be able to chat with over 35,000 YorkieTalk members, read over 2,000,000 posted discussions, and view more than 15,000 Yorkie photos in the YorkieTalk Photo Gallery after you register. We would love to have you as a member!

Registration is fast, simple and absolutely free so please, join our community today!

If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please click here to contact us.

Go Back   YorkieTalk.com Forums - Yorkshire Terrier Community > Yorkie News & Site Announcements
Register Blogs FAQ Calendar JavaChat Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools
Old 09-20-2011, 09:00 AM   #1
YT 6000 Club Member
 
fasteddie's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Seattle, WA
Posts: 6,231
Default [News] Seattle's Dog Obsession

With more canines than children living within city limits, Seattle has ofiicially gone to the dogs

Teddi Schultz didn’t think anything of the turned heads and baffled expressions she received at the crowded summer Ballard SeafoodFest in July. She looked straight ahead proudly, her hands steadying the baby stroller that held her small Chihuahua, Zooey.

When asked by a small child if her dog was OK, she explained the dog doesn’t like crowds and doesn’t like getting stepped on. Schultz, who lives in Ballard, says she takes one of her three dogs with her wherever she goes. She also owns a basket full of dog clothes, including a few dog necklaces and wigs that always end up on her pets around Halloween, much to her husband’s dismay.

“I’m not sure my husband really understands,” laughs Schultz, who often dog-sits for friends and family, and sometimes has six canines roaming around her house.

Schultz is one of many Seattleites who love their dogs—really, really love them. These are people who speak to their dogs in full sentences, even when the dogs appear to be more interested in squirrels than in conversation.

They put their dogs in backpacks, in grocery carts and restaurant booths.

They put little sweaters on them and, when it rains, little boots.

All of this puppy love is creating an explosion of dog-related businesses; with a multitude of new doggie boutiques and doggie day cares, and a gourmet dog-food store on every other corner, we are truly a dogged city.

The most recent census numbers available confirm it: There are now more dogs in Seattle than children, by a lot: about 153,000 dogs to 107,178 kids, according to figures from the U.S. Census and the Seattle Animal Shelter. Of course, not all dog owners are as indulgent as Schultz is, but among Seattle dog owners, that human-dog bond is strong.

“Most of the time, I let my dog-freak flag fly,” says Shannon O’Neal, a 25-year-old Federal Way merchandising assistant for the very dog-friendly company REI. She is on a waitlist to bring her dog to work at REI’s “doggie row,” a special fenced kennel area just for employees’ dogs.

O’Neal also takes her dog, an American Eskimo and keeshond mix named Teton, to “doga” in West Seattle, where yogis practice alongside their dogs.

In addition, she writes a blog “for dog moms and dads” about dog products (herdogblog.com), and she included Teton in her wedding (wearing a bow tie) and honeymoon to the Oregon Coast, along with her husband.

“He doesn’t need me like Teton needs me. He can feed and walk himself,” she says with a laugh. Though she admits to being dog obsessed—“in a good way”—she knows that not everybody understands; she does get the occasional “snarky comment,” but she won’t be changing her ways anytime soon: “Anyone who has a dog gets it,” says O’Neal. “The relationship is meaningful and deep.”

Thousands of Seattleites are making that relationship official; dog license sales have risen 15 percent within the last 10 years, according to the Seattle Animal Shelter, and local off-leash dog parks are more popular than ever.

“There continues to be growth of dog ownership with many more people owning dogs, and the demand for the off-leash areas is growing,” says Magnuson Park manager Charles Ng.

Use of Magnuson, the largest off-leash park in Seattle, is on the rise, park officials say. According to their data, there will be about 200,000 dog visits to the park this year—up from the 175,000 recorded the last time anyone counted, in 2007.

It costs the city’s Parks and Recreation Department $380,000 a year to maintain all 11 of Seattle’s off-leash areas; that covers staff, cleaning and perpetual poop removal. High demand for off-leash spaces means the city is considering adding even more off-leash areas, once there is funding, Ng says. “Resources right now are scarce, but I think that this shows the city, as a whole, understands how much we love our dogs and need these places.”

Ballardite Teddi Schultz and her dog Zooey, who hates getting stepped on

Seattle’s dog-mecca status is starting to get noticed nationally; it’s considered one of the top 20 destinations in the United States for people who want to travel with their dogs, according to Melissa Halliburton, the founder of Bring Fido, a dog-focused travel agency out of South Carolina.

“Seattle has 45 pet-friendly hotels, 38 [pet-friendly] attractions—including the dog-friendly Fremont Sunday Ice Cream Cruise—and 150 pet-friendly restaurants, like Bark Espresso and the Green Lake Bar and Grill, where you can eat outside with your dog,” Halliburton says. “You can even take your dog on Kenmore Air, right in the seat next to you. There is no other place you can do that except for Nantucket.”

In our socially chilly, introverted city, we’ve also earned the rap that it’s tough for newcomers to make friends here; it’s the famous “Seattle freeze.” We’re just not known for our gregarious nature around strangers.

But if a dog is involved, the freeze melts. It’s all smiles, direct eye contact and easy questions like “What kind of dog is that?” and “How old is he?” often followed by the stranger embracing and even kissing your best friend.

Why are we so dog crazy? It could be that the 41 percent of us who are single appreciate the companionship. Maybe our outdoorsy pursuits are more fun with dogs. Or maybe dogs just make us feel good.

“I think there is some bigger meaning to it all,” says Steve Ulene, owner of the Barking Lounge, a doggy day care facility in South Lake Union. Ulene says he’s seen continued growth in the dog-care industry, even throughout the recession. He also sees firsthand how important dogs are, both to his clients and himself.

“With all the negative information and the changes in the world and society, to have this being in your life that only wants to give you unconditional love—it’s like a light in the darkness,” says Ulene, who left a corporate job to open the Barking Lounge because he didn’t like the thought of leaving his yellow Lab mix, Maya, at home all alone. “I think dogs also help us access our feelings and emotions, and it’s safe to do that [with them] because there is no fear of betrayal.”

“Dogs are one of the few animals that can read our emotions,” agrees Kate Munson, who has volunteered with the Seattle Humane Society’s pet loss support group and works as a therapist in private practice in the Wallingford neighborhood. “It makes sense that we want to be there for them. We might assume they are happy, or sad, or that they want to wear a hat in a Christmas photo, but that is actually us projecting our own feelings onto them. It is not necessarily bad, as long as you have an awareness about it.”

Munson agrees that Seattle seems overly infatuated with our dogs, but it’s not necessarily a bad thing. “Yes, we anthropomorphize our pets and we have a large dog population in Seattle,” says Munson, but there are many benefits to being a bit dog crazy. Studies have shown that interacting with a dog not only lowers a person’s blood pressure, but can cause a release of oxytocin, a hormone that promotes bonding and feelings of love, in both humans and dogs.

“Whether people want to dress up their dogs, take them to dinner or whatever they want, it is not that unusual or unhealthy unless it keeps you from living your life or hurts you or someone else,” says Munson.

More and more, Seattleites are living their lives with dog in tow. On a recent Wednesday evening at Kirkland’s tony waterfront Woodmark Hotel, Lisa Hilderbrand sips a drink while her Italian greyhound/fox terrier, C.J. (short for “Columbia Jane”), scarfs up doggie steak snacks.

This is “Yappier Hour,” a weekly gathering for locals and their dogs. Hilderbrand takes C.J. everywhere, she says—even toting her in a backpack while grocery shopping at the Metropolitan Market (she was given the green light by a clerk).

Across the lake, at the dog-friendly Norm’s Eatery and Ale House in Fremont, dog owners defend their decision to bring their pets to the table.

“This dog is better behaved than some people I know, that’s for sure,” said Mark McCallum, who was sitting out front with his arm around his boxer, Lita. Inside, Norm’s is filled with wagging tails and noses peeking out from underneath tables.

McCallum says it works because everybody cooperates and most dog people are conscientious. He only wishes there were more places he could take Lita. In fact, pet dogs are not officially permitted in restaurants or even at sidewalk tables, according to Hilary Karasz with Public Health–Seattle and King County. But, she says, restaurants will not be shut down merely because they allow dogs; it would take a food-borne illness, staff not washing their hands or something along those lines.

“It’s not a big health risk, but it’s a potential health risk,” she says. It’s tough to enforce the dog ban, Karasz says, because service animals are allowed within restaurants, and it’s difficult to know for sure which animals are there for service.

In March of this year, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) toughened up the definition of a service dog; dogs must now have specific training to qualify. But this change is not expected to decrease the number of dogs brought to restaurants, according to staff at the nonprofit Northwest ADA Center, which fields calls about this topic. The center educates and trains consumers and businesses about the Americans with Disabilities law; about 25 percent of the questions they receive are related to service animals—either from people who want to bring them into a business or from people who want to keep them out.
__________________
YODA & WINKY R ::: RIP Winky ::: RIP Yoda!
fasteddie is offline   Reply With Quote
Welcome Guest!
Not Registered?

Join today and remove this ad!

WidgetBucks - Trend Watch - WidgetBucks.com
Old 09-20-2011, 09:01 AM   #2
YT 6000 Club Member
 
fasteddie's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Seattle, WA
Posts: 6,231
Default

Restaurants like Norm’s walk a fine line balancing these issues. Owner Steve Habecker says Norm’s runs smoothly because most customers follow the rules and any unruly dogs are kicked out immediately.

He also makes sure the restaurant is impeccably clean; he says most people enjoy the atmosphere and complaints are few.

“There is something special about dogs,” he says, after talking about his own golden retriever, Norm, now a pseudo-celebrity. “You don’t see people carrying cats around.”

Seattleites do love their felines, it’s true, but there is something special about our relationship with dogs that seems to transcend all other species. “Last weekend we had a request from a guy who was standing in the doorway with a goat,” says Habecker. “We said…no.”

Seattle Magazine | Lifestyle | Seattle's Dog Obsession
__________________
YODA & WINKY R ::: RIP Winky ::: RIP Yoda!
fasteddie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-20-2011, 09:11 AM   #3
Donating Yorkie Yakker
 
spr377's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2007
Location: Upstate, NY
Posts: 2,015
Default

Guess I better move to Seattle!
__________________
Piper Leo Baby Piccolo
spr377 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-20-2011, 01:08 PM   #4
Thor's Human
Donating Member
 
QuickSilver's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2008
Location: San Francisco, CA
Posts: 5,929
Blog Entries: 31
Default

My thoughts exactly! Great article.
__________________
If you love something, set it free. Unless it's an angry tiger.
QuickSilver is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-20-2011, 09:02 PM   #5
www.yorkierescue.com
Donating Member
 
capt_noonie's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2009
Location: Las Vegas & Orange County
Posts: 17,408
Default

Yes when it rains, Uni wears boots.

Let's move to Seattle.
__________________
The T.U.B. Pack! Toto, Uni, & Bindi
RIP Lord Scrappington Montgomery McLimpybottom aka El Lenguo the Handicapped Ninja 10-12-12
capt_noonie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-25-2011, 12:56 PM   #6
No Longer a Member
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Location: Kansas City, MO
Posts: 5,748
Default I need to sell my stuff in seatle ;)

and maybe move there too. any walgreens up there?
RachelandSadie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-25-2011, 06:47 PM   #7
YT 1000 Club Member
 
BanditSocks2's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Crofton, MD, USA
Posts: 1,522
Default

Annapolis has a lot of places like that! Doesn't seem like anything compared to Seattle though!!!
BanditSocks2 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-26-2011, 09:03 AM   #8
YT 6000 Club Member
 
fasteddie's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Seattle, WA
Posts: 6,231
Default

Plenty of Walgreen's here!

And plenty and plenty of rain! Like today!
__________________
YODA & WINKY R ::: RIP Winky ::: RIP Yoda!
fasteddie is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-26-2011, 09:41 AM   #9
Gidget & Sidney's Mom
Donating Member
 
gidget529's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2011
Location: PA
Posts: 3,462
Default

I agree w the others - I'm ready to move to Seattle! I think we'd fit in well; no children, just a dog. Sounds wonderful how dog friendly the city has become!
__________________
Mommy to Gidget, Sidney & Cricket(RIP)
gidget529 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-28-2011, 01:19 PM   #10
Yorkie Yakker
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Location: Davis, Ca. United States
Posts: 39
Default doggie goodness in Settle.

Quote:
Originally Posted by fasteddie View Post
With more canines than children living within city limits, Seattle has ofiicially gone to the dogs

Teddi Schultz didn’t think anything of the turned heads and baffled expressions she received at the crowded summer Ballard SeafoodFest in July. She looked straight ahead proudly, her hands steadying the baby stroller that held her small Chihuahua, Zooey.

When asked by a small child if her dog was OK, she explained the dog doesn’t like crowds and doesn’t like getting stepped on. Schultz, who lives in Ballard, says she takes one of her three dogs with her wherever she goes. She also owns a basket full of dog clothes, including a few dog necklaces and wigs that always end up on her pets around Halloween, much to her husband’s dismay.

“I’m not sure my husband really understands,” laughs Schultz, who often dog-sits for friends and family, and sometimes has six canines roaming around her house.

Schultz is one of many Seattleites who love their dogs—really, really love them. These are people who speak to their dogs in full sentences, even when the dogs appear to be more interested in squirrels than in conversation.

They put their dogs in backpacks, in grocery carts and restaurant booths.

They put little sweaters on them and, when it rains, little boots.

All of this puppy love is creating an explosion of dog-related businesses; with a multitude of new doggie boutiques and doggie day cares, and a gourmet dog-food store on every other corner, we are truly a dogged city.

The most recent census numbers available confirm it: There are now more dogs in Seattle than children, by a lot: about 153,000 dogs to 107,178 kids, according to figures from the U.S. Census and the Seattle Animal Shelter. Of course, not all dog owners are as indulgent as Schultz is, but among Seattle dog owners, that human-dog bond is strong.

“Most of the time, I let my dog-freak flag fly,” says Shannon O’Neal, a 25-year-old Federal Way merchandising assistant for the very dog-friendly company REI. She is on a waitlist to bring her dog to work at REI’s “doggie row,” a special fenced kennel area just for employees’ dogs.

O’Neal also takes her dog, an American Eskimo and keeshond mix named Teton, to “doga” in West Seattle, where yogis practice alongside their dogs.

In addition, she writes a blog “for dog moms and dads” about dog products (herdogblog.com), and she included Teton in her wedding (wearing a bow tie) and honeymoon to the Oregon Coast, along with her husband.

“He doesn’t need me like Teton needs me. He can feed and walk himself,” she says with a laugh. Though she admits to being dog obsessed—“in a good way”—she knows that not everybody understands; she does get the occasional “snarky comment,” but she won’t be changing her ways anytime soon: “Anyone who has a dog gets it,” says O’Neal. “The relationship is meaningful and deep.”

Thousands of Seattleites are making that relationship official; dog license sales have risen 15 percent within the last 10 years, according to the Seattle Animal Shelter, and local off-leash dog parks are more popular than ever.

“There continues to be growth of dog ownership with many more people owning dogs, and the demand for the off-leash areas is growing,” says Magnuson Park manager Charles Ng.

Use of Magnuson, the largest off-leash park in Seattle, is on the rise, park officials say. According to their data, there will be about 200,000 dog visits to the park this year—up from the 175,000 recorded the last time anyone counted, in 2007.

It costs the city’s Parks and Recreation Department $380,000 a year to maintain all 11 of Seattle’s off-leash areas; that covers staff, cleaning and perpetual poop removal. High demand for off-leash spaces means the city is considering adding even more off-leash areas, once there is funding, Ng says. “Resources right now are scarce, but I think that this shows the city, as a whole, understands how much we love our dogs and need these places.”

Ballardite Teddi Schultz and her dog Zooey, who hates getting stepped on

Seattle’s dog-mecca status is starting to get noticed nationally; it’s considered one of the top 20 destinations in the United States for people who want to travel with their dogs, according to Melissa Halliburton, the founder of Bring Fido, a dog-focused travel agency out of South Carolina.

“Seattle has 45 pet-friendly hotels, 38 [pet-friendly] attractions—including the dog-friendly Fremont Sunday Ice Cream Cruise—and 150 pet-friendly restaurants, like Bark Espresso and the Green Lake Bar and Grill, where you can eat outside with your dog,” Halliburton says. “You can even take your dog on Kenmore Air, right in the seat next to you. There is no other place you can do that except for Nantucket.”

In our socially chilly, introverted city, we’ve also earned the rap that it’s tough for newcomers to make friends here; it’s the famous “Seattle freeze.” We’re just not known for our gregarious nature around strangers.

But if a dog is involved, the freeze melts. It’s all smiles, direct eye contact and easy questions like “What kind of dog is that?” and “How old is he?” often followed by the stranger embracing and even kissing your best friend.

Why are we so dog crazy? It could be that the 41 percent of us who are single appreciate the companionship. Maybe our outdoorsy pursuits are more fun with dogs. Or maybe dogs just make us feel good.

“I think there is some bigger meaning to it all,” says Steve Ulene, owner of the Barking Lounge, a doggy day care facility in South Lake Union. Ulene says he’s seen continued growth in the dog-care industry, even throughout the recession. He also sees firsthand how important dogs are, both to his clients and himself.

“With all the negative information and the changes in the world and society, to have this being in your life that only wants to give you unconditional love—it’s like a light in the darkness,” says Ulene, who left a corporate job to open the Barking Lounge because he didn’t like the thought of leaving his yellow Lab mix, Maya, at home all alone. “I think dogs also help us access our feelings and emotions, and it’s safe to do that [with them] because there is no fear of betrayal.”

“Dogs are one of the few animals that can read our emotions,” agrees Kate Munson, who has volunteered with the Seattle Humane Society’s pet loss support group and works as a therapist in private practice in the Wallingford neighborhood. “It makes sense that we want to be there for them. We might assume they are happy, or sad, or that they want to wear a hat in a Christmas photo, but that is actually us projecting our own feelings onto them. It is not necessarily bad, as long as you have an awareness about it.”

Munson agrees that Seattle seems overly infatuated with our dogs, but it’s not necessarily a bad thing. “Yes, we anthropomorphize our pets and we have a large dog population in Seattle,” says Munson, but there are many benefits to being a bit dog crazy. Studies have shown that interacting with a dog not only lowers a person’s blood pressure, but can cause a release of oxytocin, a hormone that promotes bonding and feelings of love, in both humans and dogs.

“Whether people want to dress up their dogs, take them to dinner or whatever they want, it is not that unusual or unhealthy unless it keeps you from living your life or hurts you or someone else,” says Munson.

More and more, Seattleites are living their lives with dog in tow. On a recent Wednesday evening at Kirkland’s tony waterfront Woodmark Hotel, Lisa Hilderbrand sips a drink while her Italian greyhound/fox terrier, C.J. (short for “Columbia Jane”), scarfs up doggie steak snacks.

This is “Yappier Hour,” a weekly gathering for locals and their dogs. Hilderbrand takes C.J. everywhere, she says—even toting her in a backpack while grocery shopping at the Metropolitan Market (she was given the green light by a clerk).

Across the lake, at the dog-friendly Norm’s Eatery and Ale House in Fremont, dog owners defend their decision to bring their pets to the table.

“This dog is better behaved than some people I know, that’s for sure,” said Mark McCallum, who was sitting out front with his arm around his boxer, Lita. Inside, Norm’s is filled with wagging tails and noses peeking out from underneath tables.

McCallum says it works because everybody cooperates and most dog people are conscientious. He only wishes there were more places he could take Lita. In fact, pet dogs are not officially permitted in restaurants or even at sidewalk tables, according to Hilary Karasz with Public Health–Seattle and King County. But, she says, restaurants will not be shut down merely because they allow dogs; it would take a food-borne illness, staff not washing their hands or something along those lines.

“It’s not a big health risk, but it’s a potential health risk,” she says. It’s tough to enforce the dog ban, Karasz says, because service animals are allowed within restaurants, and it’s difficult to know for sure which animals are there for service.

In March of this year, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) toughened up the definition of a service dog; dogs must now have specific training to qualify. But this change is not expected to decrease the number of dogs brought to restaurants, according to staff at the nonprofit Northwest ADA Center, which fields calls about this topic. The center educates and trains consumers and businesses about the Americans with Disabilities law; about 25 percent of the questions they receive are related to service animals—either from people who want to bring them into a business or from people who want to keep them out.
ful
It is so wonderful to read an article that makes positive notes on people who really loves their canine companions and make a way so that their canines can go almost anywhere with them. Does sound like a good place to live.
bently 1 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 09-29-2011, 05:19 AM   #11
YT Addict
 
5 Yorkies Mom's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2008
Location: Oklahoma
Posts: 288
Default

What a great place, hope more and more cities follow their lead.
__________________
Maryann/ TheSassy's:Sam,Scotty,Sonny,SkyeBindi,Bro ok,Breezy,Bunnee
5 Yorkies Mom is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-01-2011, 10:39 AM   #12
Between♥Suspensions
Donating Member
 
concretegurl's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Vaissades
Posts: 7,979
Default

i love the opening about steadying her hands on the stroller as people stare!
__________________
Shan & 8 kids now!


concretegurl is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-03-2011, 11:07 AM   #13
Donating YT 1000 Club Member
 
Donnainohio63's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Location: Lorain Ohio
Posts: 1,882
Default

I guess I should be in Seattle then because my dogs have sweaters, boots, coats, scarfs, bows and all kinds of other things. Sadly my city is not as dog friendly : (
Donnainohio63 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-06-2011, 05:09 PM   #14
and Khloe Mae's too!
Donating Member
 
CouversMom's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Eastern Washington
Posts: 14,695
Default

We have talked about moving to the Seattle area to be closer to family in B.C... I love the bigger city feel but not the traffic and rain. I definitely think I'd like the dog friendly environment
__________________
Michelle- mommy to Couver and Khloe Mae!
http://yorkiehavenrescue.com/
CouversMom is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-12-2011, 02:51 PM   #15
Senior Yorkie Talker
 
novemberstorms's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2006
Location: Puyallup, WA
Posts: 152
Default

Makes me proud to be from the Seattle area!!!
__________________
Janelle survivor, Rocco, Marlee Grace, and Thor
Loves those puppy kisses!
novemberstorms is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks



Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are Off




Google
 

SHOP NOW: Amazon :: eBay :: Buy.com :: Newegg :: PetStore :: Petco :: PetSmart


All times are GMT -8. The time now is 03:49 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.9
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Copyright ©2003 - 2013 YorkieTalk.com
Privacy Policy - Terms of Use

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153